What is the role
Vitamins

Why are they needed before, during and after pregnancy?

B1 (Thiamin)

Converts carbohydrates into energy for both you and your baby. Essential for your baby's brain development. Breastfeeding babies of thiamin-deficient mothers are at risk of beriberi.

B2 (Riboflavin)

Helps your body produce energy. Important for baby's bone, muscle, and nerve development.

B3 (Niacin)

Supplementation of this vitamin during the first trimester has been correlated with higher birth weights, longer length, and larger head circumference (all signs of healthier infants).

B5 (Pantothenic acid)

Regulates you body's adrenal activity, antibody production, and the growth and metabolism of protein and fat. If you're pregnant and don't get enough B5, your baby's growth may be slowed.

B6 (Pyridoxine)

Vital for your fetus's developing brain and nervous system. Also used to ease morning sickness during pregnancy.

Folic acid

The requirement for folic acid doubles during pregnancy. Deficiencies of folic acid during pregnancy have been linked to low birth weight and to an increased incidence of neural tube defects.

Vit. B12 (Cobalamin)

Good for expanding blood volume that is needed to support the fetus and placenta.

Biotin

Essential for formation of glucose and metabolism of amino acids and fatty acids. It may play a role in DNA replication and transcription.

Vit. C (Ascorbic acid)

Essential for tissue repair, wound and bone healing, and healthy skin. Important for a healthy immune system. Lack of vitamin C may trigger fetal membrane break.

Vit. E (Tocopherol)

Important for normal neurological development.

Vit. D

Required to maintain proper levels of calcium and phosphorus that help build you baby's bones and teeth.

8 Essential Minerals

Why are they needed before, during and after pregnancy?

Calcium

Needs double during pregnancy. May reduce risk of preterm delivery, which is often associated with pre-eclampsia. May also reduce the risk of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy.

Phosphorus

Builds strong bones and teeth in you and your developing baby. Also essential for muscle contractions, blood clotting, and normal heart rhythm.

Zinc

Helps in developing your baby's organs, nerves, and circulatory system. A severe deficiency during pregnancy can cause miscarriage, pre-eclampsia, extended pregnancy, and prolonged labor.

Iron

Needed during pregnancy to manufacture hemoglobin for the mother's expanding blood supply.

Magnesium

Work in combination with calcium in building strong bones and teeth. Proper levels of Magnesium during pregnancy can help keep the uterus from contracting until week 35.

Manganese

Plays a role in the development of your baby's inner and outer ears. It also helps certain enzymes function properly.

Copper

Essential for forming red blood cells, especially important during pregnancy when your blood supply doubles. Also helps form your baby's heart, skeletal and nervous system, arteries, and blood vessels.

Iodine

essential nutrient for growth and normal development of the brain


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